Nutrition is the science of interaction of nutrients and other substances in food for the maintenance of growth, reproduction and health . In humans an un healthy diet can cause deficiency related diseases . Over nutrition also cause metabolic disorders.
A balanced diet with proper nutrition is important to have a healthy life. Our body need Vitamins, Minerals, Macro and micro nutrients, carbohydrates ,fat and proteins in proper quantity in a balanced way.
You can make sure your food contains all the nutrients by choosing a rainbow of color foods. The pigments that give color to food also contain nutrients. Foods with pigment power are mostly fruits and vegetables.
Fruits and vegetables are, fiber filled, low calorie, fat free, super foods.
Vitamins are essential for normal functioning of the body. Antioxidant vitamins are disease fighting and is the most important vitamins. Vit A, Vit C, Vit E are antioxidant vitamins.
Antioxidant rich food are
- Vit A : Carrot, spinach, sweet potatoes, mangoes and all yellow fruits and vegetables.
- Vit C: Citrus fruits, broccoli, bell pepper, cauliflower are rich in vit c.
- Vit E: Vegetable oil, almonds, grains, wheat germ, yam are rich in vit E.
Studies showed without vitD body cant absorb calcium and lead to bone deformities.
Best source of vit D is sunshine and ,getting exposed to light.
Milk and milk products are rich in Vit D. Fish, Egg, and Liver contains Vit D.
Calcium is the most important mineral needed for health. It help in the growth of bones and teeth.